Introduction. Hermeneutical development of rational and empirical in Kyrgyz epics gives reason to believe that new research approaches are necessary in relation to ontology, gnoseology and axiology of legends that contribute to overcoming certain stereotypes. This is due to the claims that the epic is only a large format of “steppe fairy tales”, a contemplative non-philosophical product of nomadic highlanders. This problem is the basic part for the thesis analysis of epic works. Purpose of the study. The main purpose of this material is to reveal the rational-empirical layer of legends, which is aimed not only against the above stereotypes, but also becomes the object of deep knowledge of epic material. This brings us closer to Hegel’s understanding of the epic as a realization of being through linguistic, rhythmic expressions. Methods. For the analysis of material we applied comparative-historical, logical-analytical, constructive methods. Material. The object of the study is Kyrgyz epics, which are still not studied in hermeneutical (semantic) context. Results. Through the methods mentioned above, the author reveals the following theses: — hermeneutical interpretation of Kyrgyz epics determines the thoughts and feelings of the people for a long historical time, transmitting to us their constant spiritual and epic constants (mind, feeling, love, beauty, valor) in the context of variables (time, space, traditions, value priorities). Today it has an important cultural and civilizational importance in the adaptation of the nomadic consciousness of the Kyrgyz people settled in the environment, and spiritual exploration of the challenges of civilization (mimesis, Westernization, globalization). — rational and empirical knowledge of the Kyrgyz people, as reflected in the epics, determined their intuitive and sentimental, ideological-philosophical, artistic, and soulful relationship to the universe, man, nature, and mysteries of life. The speculative view of the Kyrgyz, expressed through rational and empirical, allowed them to comprehend in epics the nature-centric, social-centric, anthropocentric and empirical aspects of being.